Research ArticleNANOPARTICLES

Octahedral palladium nanoparticles as excellent hosts for electrochemically adsorbed and absorbed hydrogen

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Science Advances  03 Feb 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 2, e1600542
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600542

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Abstract

We report new results for electrochemical H adsorption on and absorption in octahedral palladium nanoparticles (Pd-NPs) with an average tip-to-tip size of 7.8 nm and a narrow size distribution. They reveal a very high H loading of 0.90 that cannot be achieved using bulk Pd materials or larger NPs; this behavior is assigned to a combination of two factors: their small size and face morphology. Temperature-dependent cyclic voltammetry (CV) studies in the range of 296 to 333 K reveal unique features that are attributed to electrochemical H adsorption, H absorption, and H2 generation. The CV features are used to prepare H adsorption and absorption isotherms that are then used in thermodynamic data analysis. Modeling of the experimental results demonstrates that, upon H adsorption and absorption, Pd-NPs develop a core-shell-skin structure, each with its unique H loading. The electrochemical results obtained for octahedral Pd-NPs are compared to analogous data obtained for cubic Pd-NPs with a similar size as well as for larger cubic Pd-NPs and bulk materials under gas-phase conditions.

Keywords
  • nanoparticles
  • palladium
  • electrochemistry hydrogen adsorption
  • hydrogen absorption
  • thermodynamics

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

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